Capital Gains Tax is a tax imposed on the gains presumed to have been realized by the seller from the sale, exchange, or other disposition of capital assets located in the Philippines, including pacto de retro sales and other forms of conditional sale.
Final Capital Gains Tax for Transfer of Real Property Classified as Capital Assets
1) One original copy and one photocopy of the Notarized Deed of Sale or Exchange
2) Photocopy of the Original Certificate of Title; Transfer Certificate of Title; or Condominium Certificate of Title in case of a condo unit
3) Certified True Copy of the tax declaration on the lot and/or improvement during nearest time of sale
4) “Certificate of No Improvement” issued by the Assessor’s office where the property has no declared improvement, if applicable or Sworn Declaration/Affidavit of No Improvement by at least one (1) of the transferees
5) Copy of BIR Ruling for tax exemption confirmed by BIR, if applicable
6) Duly approved Tax Debit Memo, if applicable
7) “Sworn Declaration of Intent” as prescribed under Revenue Regulations 13-99, if the transaction is tax-exempt
8) Documents supporting the exemption
Additional requirements may be requested for presentation during audit of the tax case depending upon existing audit procedures.
File the Capital Gains Tax return in triplicate (two copies for the BIR and one copy for the taxpayer) with the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) in the Revenue District where the property is located, along with the documentary requirements and the tax due (see list of AAB below).
In places where there are no AABs, the return will be filed directly with the Revenue Collection Officer or Authorized City or Municipal Treasurer (see list of RDO below).
For real property – 6% of either the Fair Market Value (FMV) or the Gross Selling Price, whichever is higher.
How to compute FMV:
FMV = Zonal Value x Floor Area
Within 30 days after each sale, exchange, transfer or other disposition of real property.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
1) What is meant by capital asset?
Capital asset means property held by the taxpayer (whether or not connected with his trade or business), but does not include –
a) stock in trade of the taxpayer or other property of a kind which would properly be included in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at the close of the taxable year; or
b) property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of his trade or business; or
c) property used in the trade or business of a character which is subject to the allowance for depreciation provided in subsection (F) of Sec. 34 of the Code; or
d) real property used in trade or business of the taxpayer.
2) What is meant by real property?
“Art. 415. The following are immovable property:
(1) Land, buildings, roads and constructions of all kinds adhered to the soil;
(2) Trees, plants, and growing fruits, while they are attached to the land or form an integral part of an immovable;
(3) Everything attached to an immovable in a fixed manner, in such a way that it cannot be separated therefrom without breaking the material or deterioration of the object;
(4) Statues, reliefs, paintings or other objects for use or ornamentation, placed in buildings or on lands by the owner of the immovable in such a manner that it reveals the intention to attach them permanently to the tenements;
(5) Machinery, receptacles, instruments or implements intended by the owner of the tenement for an industry or works which may be carried on in a building or on a piece of land, and which tend directly to meet the needs of the said industry or works;
(6) Animal houses, pigeon-houses, beehives, fish ponds or breeding places of similar nature, in case their owner has placed them or preserves them with the intention to have them permanently attached to the land, and forming a permanent part of it; the animals in these places are included;
(7) Fertilizer actually used on a piece of land;
(8) Mines, quarries, and slag dumps, while the matter thereof forms part of the bed, and waters either running or stagnant;
(9) Docks and structures which, though floating, are intended by their nature and object to remain at a fixed place on a river, lake, or coast;
(10) Contracts for public works, and servitudes and other real rights over immovable property.”